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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 22(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-22发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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advent

n. coming or arriving 出现;到来

The advent of the country's national day brought excitement to everyone.

国庆日的到来使人人欢欣鼓舞。

adventitious

adj. accidental; coming by chance 偶然的

After an adventitious meeting in a pub, Max and Vera became lifelong friends.

偶然在酒吧认识后,麦克斯和维拉变成终生的朋友。

Synonym

同义词:fortuitous; contingent; casual

contumacious

adj. .stubborn; not obeying 顽固的;不服从命令的

The lieutenant's contumacious actions led to a court-martial hearing of his case

中尉因为不服从命令的举动,而被送至军事法庭受审讯。

* lieutenant

中尉

* court-martial

军事法庭

* hearing

审讯

Antonym

反义词:obedient; acquiescent; compliant; resigned

convene

v. to come together (for a meeting); to form ( a meeting ) 开会;召开

The economic summit between the four countries will convene at the newly-built convention center.

四国的经济高峰会议将于新建的会议中心召开。

Synonym

同义词:summon; convoke; assemble

Antonym

反义词:adjourn; recess

devoid

adj. empty; lacking 缺乏的

Mr.Westin's building report is completely devoid of any reference to the dispute we had with the construction company.

卫斯汀先生的建筑报告中,完全没有提到我们和建筑公司之间的争执。

Synonym

同义词:deficient; void; scanty

Antonym

反义词:sufficient; adequate; replete

disabuse

v. to free someone from false ideas 矫正

Dr. Palin's presentation on AIDS disabused the students of any incorrect notions about the transmission of the disease.

培林博士关于爱滋病的演说;矫正了学生对于此病传染的错误观念。

Synonym

同义词:amend; rectify; redress

evacuate

v. to withdraw; to leave empty 撤退;撤离

Everyone was evacuated from the building after the police received an anonymous bomb threat.

在警方接获匿名者的炸弹威胁后,该建筑物中的每一个人都被撤离。

* anonymous

匿名的

Synonym

同义词:relinquish; vacate

evanescent

adj. quickly fading 很快消失的

Her evanescent dreams of being a ballerina faded with her childhood.

她成为芭蕾舞者的梦想,随着童年的逝去也很快消失了。

* ballerina

(芭蕾舞)女舞者

Synonym

同义词:vanishing; fleeting

misadventure

n. bad luck; misfortune 不幸;灾难

Sharon never rented a car again after her misadventure with a rented car in Chicago.

雪伦自从在芝加哥租车发生过不幸的事件后,就再也不租车了。

Synonym

同义词:disaster; calamity; catastrophe; mishap

perturbation

n. disturbance; trouble 扰乱;不安

The alarming rate at which taxes were increasing created much perturbation among the common people.

税赋增加的惊人比例,造成一般民众的不安。

Synonym

同义词:agitation

perusal

n. act of reading carefully 细读;阅读

 

v. peruse

Our company has some literature which can be sent to you for your perusal.

我们公司有些说明的小册子,可以寄给您看。

* literature

广告或说明性质的印刷品

tumescent

adj. swelling; swollen 肿胀的

The child's tumescent abdomen and stick-like limbs were signs of severe malnutrition.

那个孩子肿胀的腹部和细如竹竿的四肢,是严重营养不良的现象。

* abdomen

腹部

* malnutrition

营养不良

Synonym

同义词:bloated; bulging

tumid

adj. 1. swollen 肿胀的 2. bombastic 浮夸的

Leon and his sister were disappointed with Christopher's tumid style of writing.

里昂和他妹妹对于克里斯多夫浮夸的写作风格感到失望。

Synonym

同义词:1. dilated 2. inflated; pompous

turbid

adj. muddy; not clear 混浊不清的

 

n. turbidity

The turbid water of the river did not look inviting to any of the swimmers.

混浊不清的河水对游泳的人来说,一点吸引力也没有。

Synonym

同义词:murky

Antonym

反义词:clear; limpid; lucid

turbulence

n. violence; disorder 动乱;骚动

The king ordered his guards to investigate the turbulence in the courtyard.

国王命令侍卫去查看后院的骚动。

Synonym

同义词:commotion; uproar; tumult

usury

n. lending money at a high rate of interest 高利贷

Many Mafia organizations raise funds through usury.

许多黑手党的机构利用放高利贷来募集资金。

vacuous

adj. empty; inane 空虚的;愚蠢的

I can't believe Ted left his girlfriend Alice for such a vacuous aerobics instructor.

我不敢相信泰德会将他的女友爱丽丝,交给这么愚蠢的健身运动教练。

* aerobics

有氧运动

Synonym

同义词:vacant; shallow; superficial

vainglorious

adj. conceited; showy 自负的;炫耀的

The knight's vainglorious claim of having saved the village by killing an evil dragon was met with the laughter of the villagers.

骑士自负地宣称已杀死恶龙拯救全村,引起村民的嘲笑,

Synonym

同义词:boastful; supercilious

Antonym

反义词:humble; modest; meek

venturous

adj. daring 大胆的;冒险的

Our expedition leader's venturous spirit was contagious, and soon we all shared his enthusiasm.

探险队队长的冒险精神具有感染力,很快地我们都象他一样充满热忱。

* contagious

传染性的

Synonym

同义词:audacious; dauntless

Antonym

反义词:cautious; circumspect

veracious

adj. true; honest 诚实的

 

n. veracity

As one of the few veracious judges in the district, Judge Watson was widely respected by the citizens of the town.

瓦森法官是这个地区少数几位诚实法官之一,他非常受镇民的尊敬。

Antonym

反义词:deceptive; deceitful; dishonest

verbatim

adv. word for word 逐字地

For our American history class, everyone had to memorize the Declaration of Independence and recite in verbatim.

在美国历史课上,我们每个人都必须牢记独立宣言,而且逐字地背诵出来。

Synonym

同义词:literally; literatim; to the letter

verbiage

n. pompous array of words 冗词;冗长

As your paper was filled with meaningless verbiage, her teacher explained, "I want you to write it over."

「你的报告里都是些无意义的废话」,老师解释,「所以我要你重写」。

Synonym

同义词:redundancy; verbosity

Antonym

反义词:brevity; concision; terseness

verbose

adj. using more words than are needed 冗长的

 

n. verbosity

We all found the author's verbose style of prose confusing and ultimately boring.

我们都觉得作者的散文中冗长的风格令人混淆,结果会使人厌烦。

Synonym

同义词:wordy; diffuse; prolix

Antonym

反义词:concise; laconic; terse; pithy

verdict

n. decision in a law case 判决

After several hours of deliberation, the jury announced its verdict.

在数小时的深思熟虑后,陪审团宣布了判决。

* deliberation

深思熟虑

Synonym

同义词:sentence; adjudication

verity

n. truth 真实;真理

The police questioned the verity of the suspect's statement.

警方对嫌疑犯陈述的真实性感到怀疑。

Synonym

同义词:veracity;truism

Antonym

反义词:falsity

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