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视频游戏和暴力之间存在联系吗?

kira86 于2019-08-09发布 l 已有人浏览
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某些类型的电子游戏会导致暴力吗?科学研究表明两者并无联系。但随着美国不断发生枪杀案,有人再次提出了电子游戏和暴力之间存在关联的观点。
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Is There a Link Between Video Games and Violence?

视频游戏和暴力之间存在联系吗?

Do some kinds of video games cause violence? Scientific studies do not suggest a link.

某些类型的电子游戏会导致暴力吗?科学研究表明两者并无联系。

But the idea that there is a link between violent video games and violent acts reappeared following the mass shooting in El Paso, Texas, last weekend.

但是随着上周末德克萨斯州埃尔帕索市发生大规模枪击事件后,又有想法认为暴力视频游戏与暴力行为之间存在联系。

An online statement thought to be written by the El Paso gunman mentioned the combat game "Call of Duty."

在一份被认为是埃尔帕索枪手所写的一份网上宣言提到了战争游戏《使命召呼》。

On Monday, President Donald Trump said that "gruesome and grisly video games" contribute to a "glorification of violence."

星期一,唐纳德·特朗普总统称,“可怕的电子游戏”助长了“对暴力的美化”。

American politicians have long made similar statements.

美国政界人士早就做出了类似的声明。

Politicians on both sides go after video games...it is this weird unifying force, said Patrick Markey, a psychology professor at Villanova University who studies video games.

维拉诺瓦大学研究电子游戏的心理学教授帕特里克·马基说:“两派政治家都追着电子游戏咬,这是一种怪异的凝聚力。”

Research on video games and violence

研究电子游戏和暴力

Benjamin Burroughs is a professor of media at the University of Las Vegas. "...There is no linkage to gun violence," he said about video games.

本杰明·巴勒斯是拉斯维加斯大学的新闻系教授。他在谈到电子游戏时说“......(电子游戏和)枪支犯罪没有联系。”

Burroughs said that some studies show a short-term increase in aggressive thoughts and feelings after playing video games, but nothing that rises to the level of violence.

巴勒斯称,一些研究表明,在玩电子游戏后,人们的攻击性思维和感觉会在短期内增加,但绝对没有升级到暴力犯罪程度。

Plenty of gamers...get upset when they lose or feel the game was ‘cheating,' but it doesn't lead to violent outputs, Burroughs said.

巴勒斯说:“很多游戏玩家在打输了之后会心烦,或是认为该游戏在‘作弊’,但是这并不会导致暴力输出。”

In 2006, a small study by researchers at Indiana University found that teenagers who played violent video games showed higher levels of emotional arousal – strong emotions like anger or fear. The teenagers also showed less activity in the parts of the brain associated with the ability to plan, control and direct thoughts and behavior.

2006年,印第安纳大学的研究人员进行的一项小型研究发现,玩暴力电子游戏的青少年更容易唤起强烈的情绪,如愤怒或恐惧。研究还显示,这些青少年的大脑在与计划、控制和指导思想和行为能力相关的区域较不活跃。

Patrick Markey, the psychology professor, found in his research that men who commit severe acts of violence actually play violent video games less than the average male.

心理学教授帕特里克·马基在其研究中发现,有严重暴力行为的男性玩暴力电子游戏的频率实际上要比普通男性少。

Another study by Markey and other researchers showed that violence tends to go down when a new violent movie or video game comes out. One possible explanation: people are at home playing the game or in theaters watching the movie.

马基和其他研究人员共同进行的另一项研究表明,有新的暴力电影或视频游戏上线时,暴力事件往往会减少。一种可能的解释是:人们在家玩游戏或在电影院观看电影。

Markey believes that video games might excite people, but they do not change who people are. "It is like going to see a sad movie," Markey said of playing video games. "It might make you cry but it doesn't make you clinically depressed," he said.

马基认为,视频游戏可能给人们带来刺激,但不会改变人。“就像看一部悲伤的电影,”马基在谈到玩电子游戏时说,“这可能会让你哭泣,但不会让你患抑郁症。”

I'm John Russell.

约翰·拉塞尔报道。

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